ARM in Los Angeles
Working on the murals at Scripps College,Claremont, California, 1946
CHRONOLOGY

1871
Born November 12 in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.
Father: Jacobo Ramos
Mother: Luisa Martinez

1881
Paints portrait of the Governor of Nuevo León that wins 1st prize in a contest / exhibition in San Antonio, Texas which
includes a scholarship to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), Mexico City.

1890
Begins his studies at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), Mexico City, where he studies for the next eight years, excelling as a watercolorist and winning numerous awards in this medium.

1891
Participates in the XXII National Exhibition of Fine Arts with six drawings.
Receives a gold medal for a pencil drawing in XXIX Competition of the State of Aguascalientes.

1897
Applies for a government grant to continue his studies in Europe.

1898
Participates in the XXIII Exhibition of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes with sixteen watercolors.

1899
Is selected to produce painted menus for a state dinner given by President Porfirio Díaz, in honor of Mrs. Phoebe Apperson Hearst (the mother of William Randolph Hearst).  Mrs. Hearst is so impressed that she asks to meet the young painter and subsequently offers to send him to study in Paris, providing him with an allowance of 500 francs a month.

1900
Leaves for Europe and takes up residence in Paris.
Meets the Nicaraguan poet, Rubén Darío, the founder of Modernismo, marking
the beginning of an influential friendship.  Darío shares lodging with Ramos Martinez and with the Mexican poet, Amado Nervo.  Through Darío, Ramos meets poets and artists, among them, the poet Paul Verlaine and the painters Claude Monet and Joaquín Sorolla.

1902-03
Travels with Darío to the Low Countries and to Palma de Mallorca, visiting museums and meeting Spanish writers and poets.

1905
Exhibits two paintings, Paisaje de las Islas Baleares (Landscape of the Balearic Isles) and Barcos en Holanda (Boats in Holland), in the Salon d'Automne in Paris.  Paints Le Printemps.

1906
Wins first prize at the Salon d'Automne in Paris for his painting, Le Printemps.  Ends financial dependence upon Phoebe Hearst as he becomes a self-supporting commissioned portrait painter.

1907
Shows three works at the Salon d'Automne.
Paints monumental mural, La Primavera.  Rubén Darío publishes "A un pintor," a poem dedicated to Alfredo Ramos Martinez in El Canto Errante (1907).

1910
Returns to Mexico.
Exhibits works produced in Europe at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes.
Participates in the exhibition organized to celebrate the Centenary of Mexican Independence held at the Escuela Nacional.

1911
A strike by the ENBA students favors their demands and Ramos Martinez is appointed Assistant Director of the School.

1912
The Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes' name is changed to la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes.

1913
Significant changes in the government lead to his appointment as Director of the Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City.
Begins the first Open Air School of Art with 10 boys including David Alfaro Siqueiros, at Santa Anita Ixtapalapa, on the outskirts of Mexico City, on the 17th of October.
Is recognized as a member of the Salon d'Automne of Paris.

1914
Organizes the first exhibition of works by the students of the Santa Anita School.
Is removed as Director of the Academy due to personnel changes within the administration.  The Santa Anita Open Air School is closed.


1916
Establishes a studio on Madero Street.

1920
Is renamed the Director of the Academy by José Vasconcelos, Minister of Education.
Creates a new Open Air School in Chimalistac.

1923
Is awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold by King Albert of Belgium in recognition of his contributions to the visual arts.

1924
Moves the Open Air School at Coyoacan to Churubusco.

1925
Founds three new schools in Xochimilco, Tlalpan and Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Exhibits works by the students of the Open Air School at the Academy, Palacio de Minería, Mexico City, and at the First Pan-American Exposition in Los Angeles, California.

1926
Organizes an exhibition of works, under the sponsorship of President Plutarco Elías Calles, by the students of the Open Air Schools that travels to Europe, including Paris, Madrid and Berlin.

1927
The Academics challenge the methodology of the Open Air Schools.  Exhibits works by the students of the Open Air Schools in Boston, Massachusetts.
New Centers open based on the teaching methods of the Open Air Schools.

1928
Marries Maria Sodi Romero of Oaxaca.
Questions are raised regarding the Open Air Schools' pedagogical approach to art.
Protest raised by the ¡30! ¡30! Contingent of The Revolutionary Artists of Mexico against the Open Air Schools'
teaching methods.
Resigns as Director of the Academy and becomes director of the Open Air School in Coyoacan.

1929
Paints a commission (Las Flores Mexicanas) for President Emilio Portes Gil as a wedding gift for Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow, the daughter of the U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Morrow.
Daughter Maria is born and suffers from a crippling bone disease.  Travels to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota for consultation on daughter's condition.  It is recommended that she be moved to a warm, dry climate.  The family moves to Los Angeles and Maria is put under the care of Dr. John A. Wilson.
Is commissioned by boxer / entrepreneur Jack Dempsey to paint mural and create interior design for Hotel Playa Ensenada (Ensenada, Baja California).

1930
Is invited by William Alanson Bryan, the Director of the Los Angeles County Museum, to organize a solo exhibition.

1931
Solo show at Barker Brothers, during the citywide Artists Fiesta, Los Angeles.
Exhibits at the Assistance League Gallery, Hollywood.
Exhibits at the Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego.
Paints frescoes for Yucca Loma Ranch in Apple Valley near Victorville, California.

1932
Exhibits in the 1st Annual Exhibition of Western Watercolor Painters.
Exhibits at the Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego.
Illustration, Pieta.  Art Digest, August 1932.

1933
Illustrates two books for Antonio Fierro Blanco (Walter Nordhoff) Journey of the Flame and Rico, Bandit and Dictator.
Is commissioned to paint a mural, The Guelaguetza, at the home of Jo Swerling, Hollywood screenwriter (currently in private collection, Santa Paula, California).  This commission brings the artist additional work from other celebrities, including Edith Head and Beulah Bondi.
Exhibits drawings, temperas, oils and mural displays at the Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco.
Through the intervention of painter / muralist Hugo Ballin, has a solo exhibition drawn from the same works at the Santa Monica Public Library.  Exhibits Los primeros indíginas de América (The First Indians of America).

1934
Mrs. George Washington Smith, widow of the famous Santa Barbara architect, in conjunction with violinist / composer / ethnomusicologist Henry Eichheim commissions the artist to paint an important set of murals for the chapel of the Santa Barbara Cemetery, Santa Barbara, California.
Is commissioned to paint a fresco, Los Guardianes, for the Henry Eichheim home, Montecito, California.
Is commissioned to paint a fresco, Madonna and Child, for Mrs. George Washington Smith's home, La Casa de la Madonna, in Montecito, California.
Is included in an exhibition at the Foundation of Western Art, Paintings by California Modernists.
Exhibits at the Faulkner Art Gallery, Santa Barbara.

1935
Exhibits in the California-Pacific International Exposition, San Diego, Friars and Nuns (chalk on paper).

1936
Solo show at Vista del Arroyo Gallery, Pasadena.
Creates fresco at the Chapman Park Hotel, Los Angeles (now destroyed).

1937
Creates fresco at the Chapel of Mary, Star of the Sea, La Jolla, California.
Creates mural at La Avenida Café, in Coronado (now on display at Coronado Public Library).

1938
Exhibits at the California Art Club, Los Angeles County  
Exhibits in the Los Angeles County Museum Painters and Sculptors Show

1938-39
Exhibits at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
Exhibits at the San Francisco Museum of Art.

1939
Exhibits at the Los Angeles County Fair, Pomona.
Exhibits in the Golden Gate International Exposition, San Francisco.
Exhibits in the 11th Annual Exhibition of Southern California Art, Fine Art Society of San Diego.
Solo show at the Assistance League Gallery, Hollywood.

1940
Is invited to teach the summer session at the Fine Arts Gallery, San Diego.

1941
Exhibits at the Los Angeles County Fair, Pomona.

1944
Exhibits murals on cardboard, oils and temperas, all with the Mexican peasant as subject, at
Raymond and Raymond Galleries, Los Angeles.

1942-45
Returns to Mexico for a visit and is commissioned by the Minister of Education to paint a series of murals at the Normal School for Teachers, Mexico City, on the theme of Monte Albán (now destroyed).
Paints a fresco at the home of his nephew, Eugenio Ramos Bilderbeck.

1945
Returns to Los Angeles in September.
Opens solo exhibition at Dalzell Hatfield Galleries, Ramos Martinez:  Paintings of Mexico, March 20 to April 14, 1945.
Begins design for stained glass windows for St. Johns Catholic Church in downtown Los Angeles.
Begins 100- foot mural in the Margaret Fowler Memorial Garden for Scripps College, Claremont, under the sponsorship of Millard Sheets.

1946
Solo show at Lillenfeld Gallery, New York City.
Dies November 8 at the age of 73 in Los Angeles and is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery.

1951-52
Memorial exhibition at Dalzell Hatfield Galleries, Alfredo Ramos Martinez:  Memorial Exhibition, December 10, 1951 to January 10, 1952.

1953
Solo exhibition Los Angeles City College, An Exhibition of Paintings by Alfredo Ramos Martinez (1872 - 1946), April 15 to May 1, 1953.

1956
Retrospective exhibition at Scripps College, Claremont California.

1965
Exhibition of works drawn from the Open Air Schools, including works by Alfredo Ramos Martinez, at the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City.

1969
The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes organizes an exhibition, An Homage to Alfredo Ramos Martinez (1875- 1946), in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City.

1975
Exhibition at Dalzell Hatfield Galleries, Alfredo Ramos Martinez:  A 'Treasure Trove' Exhibition, October 14 to November 8, 1975.

1981
Exhibition, Homage to the Open Air Schools, includes works by Ramos Martinez in the galleries of the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mexico City.

1985
On May 7, the artist's wife, Maria Sodi de Ramos Martinez, dies and is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery.

1991
Retrospective exhibition at Louis Stern Galleries, Beverly Hills, California.  Is accompanied by a full-color catalogue with essays in English and Spanish.

1992
Major retrospective at the Museo Nacional de Arte (MUNAL), Mexico City, Alfredo Ramos Martinez:  Una Visión Retrospectiva (1871 - 1946).  Accompanied by full-color catalogue and texts.

1996-97
Commemorative exhibition at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey (MARCO), Mexico, Un homenaje a Alfredo Ramos Martinez.  Accompanied by a full-color catalogue and texts.

1997-98
Solo exhibition at Louis Stern Fine Arts, West Hollywood, California, Alfredo Ramos Martinez:  The California Years, November 1, 1997 to January 3, 1998.

2008
Exhibition at Museum Estudio Diego Rivera, Mexico City.